Every year, the rent of one-bedroom houses rises by 30%, that of two-bedroom apartments rises by 16%, and three-bedroom houses rises by 18%. The constant rise in rent reported by the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics only goes to show how this expense becomes more a burden every day.
Average Cost of Building a House in Kenya
The average cost of building a house in Kenya, such as a 3 bedroom house in a middle-class area close to the environs of Nairobi is about Ksh. 8.3 million. This cost may vary if you reduce the size of the house to 2 bedroom or increase to 4 bedrooms.
The average cost may also vary with locations and structure of the house. For example, building a 3 bedroom mansionette may be more expensive compared to a 3 bedroom bungalow. The extra expenses come from constructing the slab for the upper floor.
Here’s an estimated sample of building a 3 bedroom house in a middle-class area in Kenya.
|Factor||Average Price ( Ksh)|
|Land – ⅛ acre in middle suburbs( Syokimau, Ruaka, Kiambu, Bypass)||3,000,000|
|Construction costs -( 180m2 – 240m2) all inclusive of design, project management, supervision.||5,000,000|
|Documentation – approved plans, bills of quantity, and business plans.||300,000|
As the economy spurs over high rental yields, many Kenyans are looking for alternatives to paying rent, one of which is to build a house. Below is a detailed look at what house construction entails; every cost and factor entailed in building your dream home.
What affects the house building expenses?
With such a costly project as building a house, you need to get all your data in check. This is where the planning comes in. From the plan, you will need to incorporate various factors, which shall be discussed right below:
Multiple areas in the country attract different fees. The mere price of land in a suburb region such as Lavington can’t be compared with the cost of an acre in a remote area such as Kajiado. For example, the price of an eighth of an acre in Kitale or Kisii wouldn’t be higher than Ksh 500,000, but in Kitisuru, the same eighth acre could cost you over 30 million.
This is why it is vital for you to establish where exactly you want to settle down, and the cost of acquiring land in that region will be. Essential items to also look out for in terms of location include the infrastructure and amenities available.
Settlement doesn’t mean seclusion; you don’t need to be very far from the city to get your dream home. Climatic conditions, land stability, electricity, water supply, among other elements, should play a role in the location, which subsequently will affect the cost of building your house.
The type of house you want to build could heavily weigh on the overall costs. Mansions, story buildings, bungalows, and other structures require different materials. They display a different style, size, and design which plays a significant role in the materials used to build the house.
Most buildings will have an estimated cost of building the house from the square footage. Many house evaluators will determine the price of a building by the square footage and other things.
To get a random estimate of the amount it will cost you to build a similar house, you can simply calculate from the square footage. Take the value of the house, deduct the cost of the land; divide the answer by the size of the home.
A simple illustration is a four-bedroom house going for 60 million, deduct 15 million for the land and get 45 million. The square footage of the house is probably 450 square feet; divide and get the cost per square foot is Ksh 100,000.
A house with higher walls and more extensive rooms will cost you more than a compact, less than 7 feet house. These are the sole vital elements you should include in your plan.
Ideally, the height of the house should be taller than 9 feet for a good-sized room. The wall to floor ratio should also be efficient for a comfortable housing experience.
Fittings and Installations
The most expensive part about building a home is the additional installations required. Mechanical add-ins such as electricity, water connections, sewers, exhaust, and others are very important for the home.
Fittings also play a major role in how the house will look like. You can score wholesale appliances for your bathroom, kitchen, and bedroom from vast stores at Luthuli Avenue; but you want unique fittings that add taste, value, and a unique style.
All that can cost you about Ksh 60,000 per square foot to have tile finishes and polished windows, as well as the other fittings mentioned above.
During the entire process of building, you will be in touch with various professionals, including quantity surveyors, contractors, painters, and others. All the consulting and application of work will cost you more than to expect.
Land assessors, evaluators, and contractors could cost you over half a million. Paying for manual labor, finishes, and fittings have to be included in the total cost of the building.
Last, but certainly not the least, is the material you will use to build. You have an array of materials you can use to build your home; from brick, iron sheets, porcelain, glass, and wood, it is entirely your choice on which material you would like to use.
Use of Brick Material
First off, the brick house. Using brick is rather expensive because of the brick manufacturing process. The machine used to make the brick is costly, not to mention unavailable in the country. If you’re looking to build a brick house, you have to cater to the manufacturing, importation, and transportation costs.
Other materials like the cement to plaster, paint to cover up, the metal used to build a base; doesn’t cost a lot compared to the initial cost of brick.
Use of Iron Sheets
Using irons, however, is relatively cheaper. Unlike the past where you have the shiny type of sheets, there are colored much stronger ones available. You can have a green, green, or even red sheets covering your house.
The use of fabricated, semi-permanent alternatives can significantly reduce the cost of construction by a third. You could play it creatively by using modernized designs, and the house will look as stable as a stone-built house.
The major advantage of using iron sheets is the turnover time. Easy to install and fix, you can have a less turnover time by a half. Unless you are looking to add installations like a foam to cater to the extreme temperature changes by the iron sheets.
The fixed budget for a house made of iron sheets compared to one made of bricks is very low: approximately half a million to over 2 million in total costs. Either way, you can look at ways to improvise some additional products to reduce costs.
There are other ways you can save on costs such as floor carpeting on a cemented floor. You will save on the tiling or wall to wall carpeting you intended to install. Other floor decors could be wood carpeting like the use of ‘ Mkeka wa Mbao’
Using glass and other porcelain materials are used for high-end construction. Glass doors, floor to ceiling glass walls, porcelain bathrooms, and other materials will cost you dearly.
Cost of Building 3 Bedroom House in Kenya
Again putting into play the factors mentioned above, you can they estimating the price of a three-bedroom house. With such a home, you will incorporate the master for the parents, two rooms for the children, plus additional amenity rooms in the house.
For example, if you were to add extra dining rooms, a TV room, laundry area, kitchen pantry, additional bathrooms, a playroom, and an office; the square footage will increase. This means the more the footage, the higher the price.
Spacing and style also play a role. A bungalow setting will cost less than a mansion, or vice versa. Finished and fittings could be used on an average, sticking to middle-class quality – regular instead of double glazed windows, or a shared bathroom instead of all ensuite.
All these elements in play could mean you can use an average of 3 million to build a three-bedroom house in a middle-class region. If it’s high end like Karen or Runda, then add about 50% more to the budget to cater to the setting and style of the region.
Cost of Building 4 Bedroom House in Kenya
A three-bedroom house could be homey, but you’re looking for something luxurious; a little extra. The four-bedroom house to accommodate an extra room for your guests or could possibly fit for all your loved ones to have their own rooms.
It will certainly cost you more because of the extra footage and additional amenities. This includes a garage or two for your vehicles, bigger water storage closets, other finishes for the house.
Seeing the extra costs, you shall be catering to; it’s essential to have a keen eye on the land. If you can score a well-priced property in a good neighborhood with ground stability and climate; it can help reduce the total costs of the house.
The construction costs cover the most weight with a square footage of 300m2 having a total value of 15 million. The land is subject to inflation which means depending on the season, you can land a great deal on a piece of property.